By J. Marvin Hunter
One of the outstanding characters among the pioneer cattlemen of Texas history is Colonel George W. Saunders, of San Antonio, past president of the Old Time Trail Drivers' Association, and at the head of the George W. Saunders Live Stock Commission Co., with offices in San Antonio, Fort Worth and Kansas City. Colonel Saunders was one of the most widely known cattlemen in the United States – This is the story of how the legacy began.
Characters: Col. George W. Saunders, Old Time Trail Drivers’ Association, George W. Saunders Live Stock Commission Co., Miss Rachel Reeves, Miss Ida Friedrich, Mrs. W. E. Jary, Mrs. T. M. Webb, Mrs. C. D. Cannon, Mat Saunders, Bill Saunders, Jack Saunders, William Rupe, Pettus Family, Hodges Family, Word Family, Peck Family, Reynolds Family, Meyers Family, Lott Family, Burris Family, Ruttledge Family, Best Family, Fant Family, Rupe Family, Monroe Choate Family, Borroum Family, Butler Family, McKinney Family, New Rawlings Family, Henderson Family, Paschal Family, Jim Byler, Dunk Choate, Pink Bennett, W. G. Butler,
Locations: San Antonio, Fort Worth, Kansas City, Rancho, Gonzales County, Goliad County, Refugio County, Palestine, Goliad, Lost Creek, Saunders’ Station, New Orleans, Baxter Springs, Helena, Cibolo, Stockdale, Wilson County, Lockhart, Austin, Georgetown, Gabriel River, Waco, Cleburne, Trinity River, Red River Station, Chisholm Trail, Pond Creek, Bluff Creek, Newton, Holland Creek, Washita River, Denison, Denton,
When The Mormons Came To Texas
By Ted Thompson
LARGELY UNKNOWN to the people of Central and Western Texas today, the history of a group of eastern Mormons who settled near Austin in 1846 reveals the story of a people with peculiar religious zeal, and a pioneer industriousness that became recognized as a leading factor in early Texas development. Their story is a rugged romance, closely associated especially with the early history of Austin and Fredericksburg. Their story is recalled today only by a few acquainted with legends hovering around the suggestive ruins of their colony across from Mount Bonnell, four miles north of Austin, and the remains of their dwellings and mill sites near Fredericksburg and in Burnet County. In this Gillespie County settlement, four miles below Fredericksburg, and known to the Mormons as the City of Zodiac.
Characters: Joseph Smith, Lyman Wight, Brigham Young, H. H. Smith, Bishop George Miller, Black River Lumber Company, Hyrum Smith, Noah Smithwick, Lee C. Harby, John Smith,
Locations: Austin, Fredericksburg, Burnet County, Gillespie County, City Of Zodiac, Jackson County, Missouri, Clay County, Missouri, Commerce, Illinois, Nauvoo, Colorado River, Nueces River, Rio Grande, Fort Wichita, Georgetown, Grayson County, Trinity River, Dallas, Brazos River, Marlin, Falls County, Mount Bonnell, Mormon Springs, Perdinales River, Old Mormon Road, Salt Lake City, Hamilton Creek, Llano County, Honey Creek, Mason County, Kerr County, Bandera County, Medina River, Mountain Valley,
Utah Carrol; A Cowboy Song
Kind friends, you may ask what makes me sad and still?
What makes my eyebrows darken like, a cloud upon a hill?
Rein in your pony closer while I tell a sad, sad tale
Of Utah Carrol, my partner, and his last ride on the trail.
'Mid the cactus and the thistle of Mexico's fair land, -
Where the cattle range , by thousands of many a mark and brand,
In a grave without a headstone, without a date or name,
Quietly sleeps my partner in the land to which he came. ,
Long, long we rode together, had ridden side by side;.
I loved him as a brother and wept when Utah died;
Long, long we rode the ranges, threw ropes and burnt the brands
In dark and stormy weather we gained night herders' stands.
While rounding up one morning-our work was almost done
The cattle quickly started on a wild and maddening run;
The boss' little daughter, while riding at one side…
Collin County’s Creation
By Walter B. Wilson
Account of the origins and earliest history of that county designated as "Collin" in honor of Collin McKinney, the most distinguished citizen then residing within its newly formed boundary limits. Collin McKinney was one of the fifty-six signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, published to the world on March 2, 1836. His surname "McKinney" was also destined to be given enduring fame in the naming of the permanent seat of justice when it was subsequently located at McKinney two years later by special enactment of the second legislature of the new-born Lone Star State.
Characters: George Reinhardt, Collin McKinney, Captain John (Jack) McGarrah, J. C. M. Hodge, Thomas Rattan, Ashley McKinney, Pleasant Wilson, Dr. D. F. Houston, Glen Stiff, George Herndon, James Herndon, Dr. G. A. Foote, Captain Ed R. Stiff, Wallace C. Wilson, Z. Roberts, King Custer, Moses G. Wilson, Tola Dunn, John Fitzhugh, Godfrey Baccus, Peter F. Lucas, John Wilson, Jacob Baccus, William Butler, Joel F. Stewart, Daingerfield Dunn, James Dunn, Collin Dunn, R. Fitzhugh Newsome, G. S. Baccus, Si Lucas, Pete Lucas, A. M. Wolford, Miss Minnie Burrage, J. L. Gibson, W. M. Baker, John R. Day,
Locations: Collin County, Austin, Fannin, Buckner,
The Revenge Of San Antone
By J. Marvin Nichols
Characters: Santa Anna, Comanches, Spaniards, Albert Sidney Johnston, Colonel Karnes, Muk-War-Rah, Kiowas, Big Face, Kineps, Crows, Cheyennes, Apaches, Arapahoes, Heart-Eater, Osages, Kait’senke, Tonkawa, Amerind, Matilda Lockhart, Dakotahs, Sun-Boy, Old Suyeta, Colonel Moore,
Locations: San Antonio, Montezumas, Estacaddoes, Houston, Austin, Colorado River, Falls Of The Brazos, Wolfe River, Rio Grande, North Fork Of The Red River, Washita, Staked Plains, San Antone, Victoria, Linnville, Casa Blanca Creek, Plum Creek,
A Filibustering Expedition
Eye-witness account by Peter R. Brown
IN THE YEAR 1850 Gen. Antonio de Lopez, a native Spaniard of Cuba, visited the United States for the purpose of getting aid to help the natives of Cuba to throw off the Spanish yoke of tyranny and oppression. Gen. Lopez was greatly encouraged by his native people of Cuba, and promising him to battle with him for the freedom of Cuba, they sent Gen. Lopez to the United States to solicit aid. So he came and secured the sympathies and cooperation of the noble and brave General, Crittenden. Soon Gen. Crittenden had enlisted 5,000 brave young Southern American men. It was a jolly little army of boys, all expecting to win great distinction and honors as American heroes. I numbered one among the jolly boys of the little army of Gen. Crittenden's filibusters. I had built many glittering castles in the air, had unbounded expectations. At that time I was a cadet at the Kentucky Military Institute; was at home in Mississippi, on a furlough when I heard of Crittenden's recruiting. I ran away from my guardian and joined the filibusters. So we were soon organized and embarked for Cuba. After three or four days and nights' tossing over the great deep seas and riding the great billows, rolling like mountains, causing our ship to do the bucking like a wild Mexican mustang, the snug doublemuted schooner was going first on one end and then on other, and occasionally she would add a rolling from side to side. Never were so many young soldiers so seasick in one ship. They all were so dreadfully seasick that they never once thought of the danger we were in, as our ship was very likely to "founder", meaning going to pieces… Characters: General Antonio De Lopez, General Crittenden, Captain John G. McAdams,
Locations: Cuba, Mississippi, Havana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Philadelphia,
The Hudspeth Pension Bill
Characters: C. B. Hudspeth, Texas Rangers,
Indian Fights In Parker County
By R. K. Phillips
Characters: Comanches, Kiowas, Apaches, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, John N. Frazier, Geronimo, Pleas Tackitt, George Tackitt, Light Tackitt, Jim Tackitt, James McKinney, John Brown,
Locations: Red River, Trinity River, Brazos River, Parker County, Wise County, Montague County, Jack County, Young County, Fort Sill, Rocky Mountains, Rio Grande, Agnes, Weatherford, Salt Creek, Fish Creek, Jenkins Springs, Springtown, Jacksboro, Palo Pinto County,
A Tour Of East Texas In 1876
By Goldie Capers Smith
Account of a trail drive in 1878 that the author and his brother-in-law made to drive cattle from Jefferson, Texas, to his ranch on the Red River in Cook County. The route took the men through Upshur County, Pittsburg, Sulphur Springs, Old Kentucky Town, Whitesboro, and Gainesville-then a typical cow-town-and on to the ranch. This is his description of the area at that time.
Characters: Goldie Capers Smith,
Locations: Jefferson, Red River, Cook County, Upshur County, Pittsburg, Sulpher Springs, Old Kentucky Town, Whitesboro, Gainesville, Hopkins County, Grayson County, Red River, Ardmore, Smith Paul Valley, Spanish Fort, Longview, Emony, Quitman,
Fifty-Two Years In West Texas
One of Kimble County's early pioneer citizens, N. C. Patterson who settled in the Kimble County area in 1868. Note: THIS IS EXCELLENT KIMBLE COUNTY EARLY HISTORY AND GENEALOGY
"We found the wild honey galore. Much wild game from buffalo down to jack rabbits, turkey, deer, bear, wolves and Indians. Fish from the size of a sardine up to 75 and 80 pounds, but all bread stuff had to be imported from Mason or Fredericksburg. The first day we landed in Kimble County we pitched our tent near where the town of Junction City was located, between sundown and dark. We could hear the wild turkey flying up to roost in the tall timber along the rivers. Next morning a little before day, three or four of us decided to see if we could have turkey for breakfast, so we went to spy the enemy on the roost in the darkness. We all became separated; about break of day guns began to be heard in different directions. Neither of us was certain whether the other had bagged any game. About sunrise we all met at camp, each having about four apiece. Anyway 16 turkeys were unloaded in camp-enough to last a week or two. So no more turkeys were shot for many days, though one could see them in bunches of 50 to 200 every day. In those days a man did not have to be a nimrod to get all the meat he needed. We all made it a rule never to kill any kind of game unless needed. Bear have been within a mile or so of Junction. Back in the eighties the havalina hogs were plentiful, but not fit for eats."
Characters: N. C. Patterson, Charlie Vickers, Isaac Kountz, E. K. Kountz, Elizabeth Kountz, Dixie Kountz, S. C. Kountz, Honest John Miller, W. F. Gilliland, Jerry Roberts, Ringgold, Scott Cooley, Cal Rains, J. C. Kountz, William Potter, M. J. Denman, Bill Meeks, J. R. Steffy, A. Franks, A. J. Allen, William Crim, J. A. Browning,
Locations: Kimble County, Junction City, Mason, Fredericksburg, South Llano, Lover’s Leap, Kerr County, Pecos River, Williamson County, Fort Mckavett, Bear Creek, Gillespie County, Kimbleville,
History Of Galveston Island --- 1518-1900
By Albert Irving Clark
Characters: Mr. Patten, Miss Gardner, Dr. Cohen, E. G. Littlejohn, Don Juan De Grijalva, Pinedo, Cabeza De Vaca, De Soto, La Salle, Don Manuel Herrera, Don Luis Aury, Henry Perry, Xavier Mina, Samuel Bangs, Lafitte, Stephen F. Austin, Alexander Thompson, Colonel Bradburn, Robert J. Kleburg, Thomas E. Edgar, Mrs. Louisa Shearer Baumgarden, Gail Borden,
Locations: Galveston, Rosenberg Library, Santander River, Malhaldo Island, Isla Blanca, Isla De Aranjuez, San Louis, Island Culebra, Carthagena, Trinity River, Liberty, San Jacinto, Saccarappa, Menard,
The Old Double File Trail
By L. A. Chausler
Account of the old road called the Double File Trail running from Austin via Waco, thence due North to the settlements on Red River, and was called Double File for the reason it was wide enough for the passage of two men riding abreast or for the passage of wagons.
Characters: William E. Bouchelle, Colonel Makemson, Colonel William G. Cook, Dr. S. Booken, George W. Kendal, General McLeod,
Locations: Double File Trail, Austin, Waco, Red River, Kimatia, Little River, Fort Griffin, Santa Fe, Erath, Bird’s Creek, Bell County,
Renegade White Men Disguised As Redskins
Account of devious with white men who dressed up like Indians and stole horses and ravaged settlers
Characters: Texas Rangers, Comanches, Osages, Benjamin Hamilton Anderson, Aron Anderson, Bevor Yarbrough, Ben Ficklin, Miss Millie C. Reed, Mrs. Eugene Brooks,
Locations: Coke County, Dodge City, Red River, Jefferson, Austin, Wise County, Jackson County, Montague County, Archer County, Fort Concho, San Angelo, Santa Fe, Sonora, Fort Sill,
Old Cowboy Wins Contest At Seventy
By Cora Melton Cross
Account of W. H. CARDWELL of Gonzales County
Characters: W. H. Cardwell, George W. Littlefield,
Locations: Gonzales County, Chisholm Trail, Caldwell County, San Antonio, Marfa