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Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Frontier Times Magazine Vol 6 No. 11 - August, 1929

Contents of this volume:

Stephen Fuller Austin
By Mrs. J. K. Collins.
Stephen F. Austin was born November 8, 1793, at Austinville, Wythe CountyVa.  Austin was won­derful combination of knowledge, refinement, culture, courage and persist­ent industry, whose clear, open eyes, ev­er shining kindly, harmonized with a mouth pure and sweet in expression, denoting the love and atmosphere, a man of brilliant in­tellect and education. Here is his story.
Further mentions:   Mary Austin was born in New Jersey, 1768, and was married to Moses Austin in 1785, in Christ ChurchPhiladelphia * Abia Brown * the two prime movers of Quaker immigration to America, Anthony Sharp and Robert Turn­er * Her mother was Margaret Sharp, daughter of Mary Coleman, the great-granddaughter of Robert Turner * Edward Sharp Esquire * Josiah H. Bell * William H. Wharton * William J. Russell * Mr. Wyche, of the Carnegie Library at San Antonio * Dr. Garrison *         
Texas Man Writes Of Pioneer Family
Sketch of the life of Dr. John McSween, who came to Texas in the early 1850’s and prospered in a financial way.  He de­cided to go in the cattle business, which, in those days was the really great business of the new "Lone Star State" with its mil­lions of acres of public lands, unoccupied except by the cattle men and several tribes of roving, savage Indians. Land was cheap everywhere, settle­ments were few and far between, so, Dr. McSween, in looking around for land suit­able for a cattle ranch, found a section of the country that suited him and bought ranch land on Beaver Creek some six or seven miles from the town capital of Mason coun­ty, and the historic old Fort Mason.  This is his story.
Further mentions:   Maryville College * Dr. Isaac Anderson, a Presby­terian minister * Miss Elizabeth Wright * his nephew, J. H. Faubion, of Leander, Texas, and formerly a resident of. Cocke county, Tennessee. Dr. McSween was a relative of many of the McSweens now living in this section of Tennessee * Dr. John McSween was a son of Mur­doch and Margaret Jackson McSween and was born near Jackson SpringsMoore county, North Carolina, in the year 1814 * The other children in this family were Wil­liam McSween, deceased, ofNewportTen­nessee, Samuel McSween , who died in Sacramento, California, Daniel McSween of who died in Missouri, James , McSween of Wilton Springs Cocke county, Tennessee, Mrs. Nancy Chapman, wife of Luna Chap­man and who died near Parrottsville, Tenn., and Mrs. Margaret Faubion, wife of Til­gham Faubion, and who died in 1885, near Marble Falls, Texas. * Murdoch McSween * Gross' Branch which flows into the Pigeon river near the Morell place * Col. Jack Hays, Generals . Ben and Henry McCullough * At Fort Ma­son were Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet,. E. Kirby Smith, - Albert Sidney Johnson, Earl Vandorn, S. B. Buckner * German Prince Solms * Ma­jor Peters who owned a number of negro slaves * Major Todd * Magnes Jay, Sylvan and Dix, and three daughters, Ids, now Mrs. Harris, Ella (Mrs. Williamson) and Leta (Mrs. Vicery) remained on the Mason county ranch until after the war between the states began in 1861 * his neighbor, Felix Vander Stuck­en * GW. Todd, one of the earliest settlers of Ma­son county * the Beaver Creek settlement * Major Peters * It was during the latter part of 1865 that the Indians on one of their raids killed Mrs. Todd and a negro girl belong­ing to the Todd family and captured and carried away Miss Todd, daughter of G. W. Todd. It seems that Mr. Todd, who was the first county clerk of Mason county, and Mrs. Todd, were coming from their home four or five miles south of Mason, their daughter riding behind her father, the ne­gro girl riding behind Mrs. Todd, when they were attacked by a band of Indians. Mrs: Todd was badly wounded and lived only a few days, the negro girl was captur­ed. Mr. Todd made his escape and notifi­ed the community of what had happened. A searching party was quickly organized and started in pursuit of the Indians, whom they trailed to the Bauer crossing. Here they met with parties who had seen the Indians pass, and these parties were sure, as they had watched the Indians pass, from their hiding place, that there was no white girl in the party. The pursuing par­ty then returned to the place where the attack was made on the Todd family. There they discovered… * We can well imagine the emotions of this father and mother as they heard- the despairing cry of their little daughter as the savages dragged her off into a captivity worse than death. She was crying: "Papa, papa, don't let them carry me off." No search was made for little Alice until her brother, who was a Confederate soldier, came home from the army. He declared that he would spend the remainder of his life searching for her…* …He set to work with his knife and hatchet and with his bare hands to prepare a grave for the burial of her body to keep the wolves; coyotes and Mexican lions from devouring the body… *
An, Exciting Border Incident
This is the story about the daring efforts of noble Texans to exhume and smuggle back into Texas, the body of Clemente Vergara, ranchman of PalafoxTexas who had lost a number of fineblooded horses from his ranch four miles from Laredo. It was supposed that bandits had stolen the horses. On February 13, Vergara received a note from Captain Apolonio Rodriguez' of the Mexican federal garrison of Hildalgo, a town directly across the river from Pala­fox to the effect that a transaction might be worked out that af­ternoon at a certain hour on a small island belonging to Texas, located nearly in the middle of the Rio Grande. The 100 ­acre rocky wooded islet was directly op­posite Vergara's ranch house.  Vergara accepted the appointment but was brutally murdered.  This prompted the Texans to “invade” Mexico and bring back the body of the slain Texan.  This is the authenticated version of the story.
Further mentions:   Gov­ernor O. B. Colquitt of Texas * William Jennings Bryan * F. L. Kip­penbrock * Alonzo Garrett * President Carranza * William Ben­ton *      
Starts A School In Old Fort Davis
Mrs. M. B. Anderson, Fort DavisTex. Offers his personal recollections of life as a pioneer school teacher in Fort DavisTX.
Mentions:  * Mr. Blant * W. W. Turney * Marfa * Mr. Bloys * Mr. Kilgore * the Bloys Camp Meeting *     
Bloody Times In Blanco County
J. C. Goar,  (Includes old B&W photo image) of Johnson CityTexas offers great Blanco county history in this narrative of early days in that area.  Mr. Goar lived there practically all of his life. He was six years old when his fa­ther moved, to the section, which at the time was a part of Comal county. At the age of eighteen years he enlisted as a Texas Ranger in Captain Hamp Cox's Company B, in 1870, and served well until he finally settled in the county for the rest of his life.
Further mentions:   Captain A. H. Cox and Lieutenant A. W. Cox  (Includes old B&W photo image) * old Fort Griffin * Dublin * In 1858 there was little town located on the Little Blanco river about seven miles south of the present town of Blanco, which was called Middletown, because it was supposed to be halfway between New Braunfels and Fredericksburg. The first store opened in the county was owned and operated by O. Wooperman in Middletown. This was before Blanco county was organ­ized. I remember there was much talk as to the location of the county seat. It was later decided to locate it on the south side of the Blanco river, near the present town of Blanco, and a town called Pittsburg was laid out one half mile below Blanco. When the county was laid out by survey it was discovered that the location of Pittsburg lacked about a half mile of being in the geographical center of Blanco county, so it was moved north of the Blanco river to the present town of Blanco. At that time the south line of Blanco county took in what is known as the Curry Creek and Kendlia country. Some of our first coun­ty officers were from that section. Dur­ing the war between the States, while the men were in the army fighting for the Confederacy, a part of the county was cut off from Blanco county and attached to Kendall county. This caused lot of con­tention, for the county seat to be in or so near the center of the county. * Shortly after the county was organized a very sad tragedy occurred in 'which two good men were killed and one badly wound­ed. The facts, as stated to me by my old friend, John M. Watson, were about like this: There was a young man by the name of Tom Blasingame, who had done some farm work for Captain James H. Callahan. The Captain was away from home a great deal of his time while the young man was working for him. Some­one started a slanderous report concern­ing some of Captain Callahan's folks, and this young man was accused of starting the slander, which he stoutly denied. When the Captain came home and heard of the matter he became very much enraged, and sent word to the young man that he would have to leave the country by a certain day or risk the consequences, and that he would be over at that time to see him about it if he had not left the country. On the day stated Captain Callahan went to Blasing­ames's accompanied by W. S. Johnson and E. C. Hinds, the two latter being asked to go with him to hear what was said between them and to try to adjust matters. As the three rode up to the front gate… * a deputy sheriff by the name of Lang * the murder of Wil­liam Sheppard and wife and baby * Mrs. Sheppard's brother * Tom Huckabee * the Tanner boys, James, Sol, Ike and Sam Tanner * Hal S. Hudspeth of WetmoreTexas *          
There has been some controversy in re­cent, years about General Santa Anna's saddle, captured when that haughty presi­dent, of Mexico came into Texas to sub­due the Texan revolutionists, in 1836. Now the old saddle has, been located and will be given to the University of Texas, according to a letter received by Maury Maverick of San Antoniofrom Dr. T. L. Terry of BostonMassachusetts. Excerpts from Dr,''Terry's letter follow:
Further mentions:   Captain A. R. Pentecost * Thomas Went­worth Pierce * the G. H. & S. A. Railway * Mr. Pieree's son * John Lomax, Jr * Mrs. Howard W. Brown * Dr. C. E. ,Barker * Dr. Benedict * Dr. Cameron * Mr. Converse  *         
Cole's Long March Of 1865
During the time when the Pow­der River Indian Expedition, ac­companied by Brigadier General Patrick E. Connor, was marching up from the Platte into Wyoming and Montana, fighting the battle of August 29, 1865, and a few minor engagements, the Eastern Column under Colonel Nelson Cole was conducting a much greater march in fact, one of the longest in the military annals of the Northwest. The forces un­der Cole, and the center column under Bre­vet Brigadier General Samuel Walker, which went north from Fort Laramie, join­ing Cole's forces northwest of the Black Hills, did more fighting than the main column, and finished their part of the cam­paign in great need of both food and cloth­ing.  These men suffered cold, hunger, surprising attacks from Indians and every depravation imaginable.  This is a lengthy and detailed account of that great but terrifying march.
Further mentions:   the Loup Fork* the route lay across the "Sand Hills" to the Niobrara River * White Earth River * Antelope Creek * Gen. W. S. Barney's trail of 1855  * Ash Spring, to head of Bear Creek * Bear Butte * Bear Butte Creek * Crow Peak of the Black Hills * camping on Whitewood Creek and Redwa­ter River * Colonel Samuel Walker, 16th Kansas Cavalry * Box Elder Creek * O'Fallon Creek * Lt. A. S. Hoagland, 2nd Mo. Light Artillery * Tongue River and Panther Mountains * Rosebud Creek * Lieu­tenant Thomas H. Jones 2nd Mo. Light Ar­tillery * Lieutenant G. K. Warren * Lieutenant John P. Murphy, 1st Nebraska Cavalry * W. D. Smith's trail of 1855 * Captain Napoleon Board­man * Wounded Knee Creek * General Harney * Bear Butte * Connor's battle with the Indians at the junction of upper Tongue River and Wolf Creek * Lieutenant Hoag­land with Raymond * Captain Edward S. Rowland, 2nd Mo. Light Artillery * Lieutenant Frederick Schmitten * Colonel Oliver Wells, 12th Mo. Cavalry * 1st Lt. A. S. Hoagland, 2nd Mo. Light Artillery * Lt. George R. Thorne, Acting Assistant Quartermaster and Acting Commissary of Subsistence; Frederick Amsder, Signal Corps, U. S. Army; Capt. J. W. MacMurray, 1st Mo. Light Artillery, \and L. G. Bennett, Civil Engineer, Acting Engineer * Lt. Thorne *                               
Most of my men are nearly barefooted, all are suffering for clothing, and unless soon supplied must soon severely feel the approaching fall storms. My animals are rapidly losing flesh and strength, as the grass since struck by frosts seems worth­less to them. Since leaving Omaha I have marched my command a distance of about 1,050 miles over a country almost unknown and unexplored.
After camping a storm blew up, growing worse as night came on and finally be­came terrific in its fury; from rain it turn­ed to hail, then rained again-and in quick succession snowed and sleeted, freezing all night long. My picket officers were oblig­ed to march their men in circles at the re­serve posts to prevent freezing, fires not being permitted. Nothing could be done to protect the stock from the peltings of this terrible storm, 'and numbers of them per­ished during the night. It had not abated in the least at daylight, and owing to the unsheltered position of the camp was spe­cially severe upon the men as well as the stock. So I determined to move to some point within a few miles where shelter could be secured in heavy timber.
Both men and animals were unfit to vigorously pursue the savage foes which circled around their route through this des­ert, whose oases were inviting delusions; however pleasing to the eye were the green dresses of the prickly pear and sagebrush, they were bitter mockery to the other senses, for they contained no life-giving essence for man or beast. Certainly starv­ing soldiers might well wonder Why no pro­visions had been made for such contingen­cies-why old Indian fighters had not, with their knowledge, planned a more consistent campaign, and established depots in the In­dian country through which we were known to pass, instead of a command starving here, unable to cope with the In­dians everywhere around them, and with­out knowledge of much needed supplies.
Reduced by this time to less than quar­ter rations, the command were obliged to eat their horses and mules to sustain life. Large numbers of Indians were occasionally still seen on all sides beyond the range of our guns…
Nicaragua-As I Found It
By Staff Sergt. Noah L. Hill.
Military duties took Mr. Hill to Nicaragua  and he describes his journey in this story.
Mentions:  General McCoy * Gatun, Pedro Miguel * Miraflores * Culebra Cut.  * Gatun Lake * Cristobal * The Ancon Hospital group * Bella Vista Beach * CorintoNic­aragua * Estere Limon * Chinandega * Leon * Lago de Managua * Lieutentant Caffey * Robert V. Clayton * Senor Adolfo Benard * Jose Maria Moncada *                
Explosion At Burnet Mill
Burnet (Texas) Bulletin
Account of the terrible mill explosion, which took place in Burnet in January, 1880.  The explosion occurred at the "Burnet Meal and Flouring Mills".  The explosion occurred about 9 o'clock, and the boiler was torn literally into shreds.  Pieces of sheet-iron, steam­pipes, bolts fractured casting flew in ev­ery direction, and littered the ground toward the north.   About 5,000 pounds of the boiler flew in that direction, ricochet twice, plowing the ground ten or twelve feet in two places, like a shell, and finally stopped at least 150 yards from the Mill. The steam-guage was found across Hamilton creek. The bolts of pieces of the boiler appeared wrenched out like tacks from a shoe, and the general color of every part a dead, grayish hue-showing the ac­tion of intense heat.  Six men and a boy were in and about the scene at the time of the explosion…
Further mentions:   Mr. John Smart, senior proprietor and manager of the Mills * Mr. Bryce Smart, Sr * Messrs. Westfall,Watson & Co * Mr. Bryce Smart, Sr., was standing close to the boiler, and was driven into a stack of wood, his body horribly mangled * All the head was gone except the venerable beard. The chest ap­peared torn open, and the writer saw his grief-stricken son pick up his bleeding heart lying yet warm upon the ground. It was a pitiful, dreadful sight, and brought tears to many eyes unused to weeping. The old man's tongue and a part of his skull were found in the adjoining field fifty yards away * Mr. H. H, Hall was standing at the en­gine, replacing a belt upon one of the wheels-the machinery not running at the time. A hundred-pound fragment of the boiler cut… * Rev. Mr. Aaron * Johnny Blackburn, about 13 years old, was on an errand of charity at the request of his heartbroken mother, and passing on his way by the mills, lingered at the en­gine a moment, when… * Messrs. Smart, Avery, Lamberston and Clapp  
William B. Slaughter, Trail Driver Of 1866
By Cora Melton Cross
William Baxter Slaughter was born 1852, and died May 28, 1929.  He was one of Texas’ master cattlemen and trail-drivers.  His nobility, character, industrious labors, wisdom, old­time range philosophy, and example are legendary.  He is the arch-type of the true Texas cattleman.  This is his great story.
Further mentions:   Brother George W. Slaughter * Ab Blocker * the little log cabin in Free­stone County * the homestead ranch, located in Palo Pinto County * Tarrant County * Mary's Creek * Ryder's ranch * Clint Ryder's ranch * Clear Fork of the Trinity to Jack Flint's ranch * cattle from John Gamed and Christie Crosby in Mason County * Col. John C. Bracken­ridge * Colonel and Mr. Mayberry * Crosby and Gamel * Billy Slaughter made his third drive from the Corn Ranch in . Parker County to AbileneKan * W. B. Grimes' outfit * D. B. Chapin *                
Collection of home remedies of Pioneer days, when doctors were few and far be­tween and veterinary science was unknown. About all the pioneer had to use were the materials at hand, and he used them with a curious admixture of doubt and humor, faith and satisfaction. Most of the home remedies are based upon the use of fire, water, smoke, pepper, salt, grease, the plant life around, physical force, and down along the Rio Grande, an occasional resort to the supernatural.  This is a great story of many of these remedies.
Further mentions:   Ant-bite:-Strong solution of salt and grease or salt and water.-Colonel Good­night, Clarendon * Asthma:-The Jimson weed was used for asthmatic trouble.-Henry T. Fletcher. * Asthma:-The leaves of the evergreen sumac were useful in relieving asthma.­ Ellen D. Schultz. * Belly-ache (Horse):-Set fire to a gun­ny-sack. Place the burning sack in a bucket and hold the bucket under the horse's nose so that he will breathe the smoke.-Edgar Kincaid, Sabinal, Texas * Bleeding:-Where an artery is cut, sear with a hot iron. Where a vein is cut, ap­ply a mixture of charred feathers and cob­webs and bind these on the cut.-Tom Short * Blemish on a Horse.-The one that I have seen used for most every kind of a blemish on a horse is "sebo" or tallow rub­bed in well with a hot bone.-Richard King, Corpus Christi, Texas * Botts:-Use a tea made from tobacco and mix it with sorghum molasses. Drench the horse with the mixture. Botts like sorghum molasses and they turn loose to- eat the molasses and then get sick on the tobacco tea.-Geo. W. Saunders, San Antonio, Texas * Colic (Horse):-Tie the horse down and whip his belly, with a wet rope.-Gallie Bogel, Fabens, Texas * Henry T. Fletcher * Distemper:-A teaspoon of coal-oil in each ear; then ride or drive the animal. It'll make the phlegm turn loose right now: Ab Blocker, Big Wells, Texas * Earache:-Melt the grub-of a dirt daub­er in a spoon and pour the, melted brub in the ear. The grub turns into a fine clear oil.-Frank Dobie * W. W. Collier, San AntonioTexas * Felon:-Strong lye and tobacco boiled to­gether, thickened with cornmeal, as a poultice.-From the note-book of J. H. Polly, 1836 * John M. Doak * Frost Woodhull San Antonio, Texas *             
THE LAST LONGHORN "They answered well their purpose
The cattle which made Texas famous are now curiosi­ties. Occasionally one finds an old timer hiding out in the brush which lines the banks of the Rio Grande. Fierce and un­tamed, ready to do combat with any hardy soul who dares approach him, he remains a symbol of the Texas that was and will nev­er be again.
Texas was sparsely settled for years af­ter the war between the states, and the fame of her virgin soil did not spread abroad through the land until after Texans had taken the long trail herds up across the Indians nation to Abilene and Caldwell and Dodge City. When the cattle buyers from Kansas City and Chicago, and points east first saw Texas steers with huge horn­ed heads, they were stirred by irresponsible curiosity to see the land which produced such wonders. And in the succeeding years, our population grew rapidly.
The big ranches are being broken up now…
Veteran Newspaper Man Of Corpus Christi
Account of notable newspaper man, Mr. Eli T. Merriman who was born on the lower Rio Grande in 1852 and came to Corpus Christi in 1865.  He left an enduring legacy in Corpus history.  This is the account of his life.
Mentions: Mr. Merriman * W. P. Caruthers * the Caller Publishing Company * Cottrell press * Judge B. F. Neal * Edmund J. Davis, of Corpus Christi * The Caller * Fishburn, Hampton Sullivan, J. M. Donnor * J. M. Frazier, J. H. Davis and C. E. Gilbert * The Texas Press Association * the fourth floor of the building next to the Trement Opera House onMarket street * Flake's Bulletin * Two Brothers saloon * Shaw's jewelry store * Barnard & Son, publishers of the Gazette * W. H. Malt­by, launching a new weekly paper, the Cor­pus Christi Free Press. * Hal. L. Gosling, president, and J. W. Burson, secretary * Frank Gaston, E. G. Senter, Fred B. Robinson, E. T. Merriman *                 
Four Texas Pioneers
Brief account of early Captain Eli Loyd, John Lane, Bill McCaleb and Jim Walker, settlers in Llano, Bandera & Kimble counties.   (Includes old B&W photo image).
Further mentions:   Captain Lawton, at old Camp Verde * Packsaddle Mountain in Llano county * J. R. Moss, S. B. Moss, W. B. Moss, R. C. Martin, Robert Brown, Dave Harrington, Pinkney Ayers *  
Thrilling Escape Of Two Of Hays' Texas Rangers
A. K. Perry, a cousin of Rufus Perry.
Account of the narrow escape of two of Capt. Jack Hays' heroic Texas Rangers from butchery of Comanche Indians in August, 1844.  The rangers involved were Kit Ackland, and Rufus Perry whose terrible ordeal occurred at the three forks of the Nueces.  The situation was aggravated by the cowardly betrayal of two fellow-rangers whose courage failed them at the critical moment.  The facts in regard to the interesting in­cident now to be related were furnished the writer by the old Texas ranger, Thomas Galbreth. While Mr. Galbreth was not a participant he belonged to Capt. Jack Hays' company at the time and well re­members all the particulars of this frontier episode.  This is thrilling reading of a very terrible situation.
An exerpt:
It seemed that there was no chance for the two wounded rangers. Left alone on the banks, of the clear, beautiful river and a horde of yelling savages on their trail. Under the circumstances some men would have given up in despair and met their fate without an effort, or in the position of Ackland told his disabled friend good-bye and made their own escape, if possible, but not so with the lion-hearted ranger. He determined to save his friend or die with him. They had no chance to defend them­selves except with knives. The blood had dried and clotted around Perry's eyes so, that he could no longer see, not even his brave friend, who was bending over him and endeavoring to again lift him on his shoulder. "What are you going to do now Kit?" asked the wounded Perry. The loud yelling of the Indians denoted their near presence when this question was asked, but they were on the opposite side of the river' tracking Ackland like a hunter would a deer by the blood, and were not yet aware that the rangers had crossed the river, and no doubt expected every minute to come upon them and have an easy time taking their scalps. Ackland was very weak from loss of blood and his mouth was so badly swollen that he could hardly talk, but man­aged to tell his friend that he was going to secret him somewhere and then hide him­self, as that was the only chance. He suc­ceeded in getting Perry on his shoulder but staggered to and fro as he went off with him down the river. Ackland was careful in his flight, so as to leave as little sign as possible. The blood had quit flow­ing from their wounds and their saturated garments clung to their bodies. When al­most exhausted and almost ready to sink in his tracks, Ackland came to a large drift, that covered an acre or more of ground, which had been deposited there during some great rise in the river, and which af­forded a good hiding place. Crawling in under the drift, he dragged Perry after him as far as he could go, and then ex­plaining to him what kind of a place it was said he would go and hide somewhere else, so that if one was found likely the other would escape. It was agreed that if either one recovered sufficiently and was not found by the Indians to set out forSan Antonio and bring help for the other. Ack­land said he would not be far from the spot where he left Perry. The Indians could still be heard and pressing the hand of his friend the fearless Kit crawled away and was soon lost to hearing. After get­ting clear of the drift he covered the trail he made going in and out by  throwing leaves and sticks over it, and then hid him­self lower down the river. He crawled in­to a thick place and stretched himself out flat on the ground more dead than alive. Perry lay under cover where he was left and listened to the Indians. After a short time he could tell they were closer and that they had crossed the river, and that no doubt they were now on their trail and would soon be there. For some time all was perfectly still, but all at once…
War On Cattle Rustlers In Wyoming
E. Richard Shipp.
In the late 1880’s and early 90’s one of the most popular and profitable pastimes of the range country appears to have been that of cattle rustling. Many men acquired great herds, grew rich by this means.  Many a cowboy and many a nester start­ed into the cattle business with no finan­cial equipment and no conscience, his only possessions being a cowpony, a saddle, a round-up bed, a rope, a running iron and a six-gun. After a few years, if he was cau­tious and careful, he would have a nice lit­tle herd running under his own brand. Then, if he was wise, he ceased to be a rustler, joined the Cattlemen's association and was a real cowman, and became a ter­ror to rustlers.  The situation on the Wyoming range eventually became so bad as to necessitate the use of force to counter this practice.  In 1891 the cattlemen formed an organi­zation having for its object the wiping out of the rustlers. They called it “the Regula­tors” and it was much in line with the old time Vigilantes.  They imported gunmen from TexasIdaho and Colorado, and from other states wherever they could be found.  This is an excellent and detailed account of the days of the Regulators in Wyoming.
Further mentions:   the Frewen Brothers wealthy Englishmen, came into the coun­try in the early eighties and established themselves at Frewen Castle on the North and Middle forks of Powder, they bought from the 76 outfit on the Sweetwater, 3,500 head of range cattle, book count, for which they paid $75,000. * Horse creek to Rattlesnake canyon * Fish creek * The first woman, Cattle Kate, ever hanged in Wyoming, with her partner, Jim Avrill, was disposed of by seven cattlemen in the Sweetwater valley in 1888 * the KC ranch in Johnson county, Wyoming * the Casper stockyards * Major Wolcott, * Capt. F. M. Canton, and the hired gunmen from other states under the com­mand of Capt. Tom Smith * Bald mountain * the Tisdale ranch * Mike Shonsy, foreman of the Western Union Beef company * Major Wolcott * Nick Ray, and two trappers, Bill Jones and William W. Walker * 'Black Jack" Flagg * Nathan. D. Champion * the TA ranch on Crazy Woman creek * Sheriff Angus of Buffalo * Captain Men­ardi of Company C, national guard * Colonel Van Horn of the Unit­ed Statescavalry * Fort McKinney * Major Wol­cott, W. C. Irvine, J. N. Tisdale, F. M. Can­ton, W. J. Clarke, Tom Smith, F. H. Laber­toux, F. G. S. Hesse, Phil DuFran, D. R. .Tisdale, M._ Shonsy, L. H. Parker, C. ' S. Ford and A. R. Powers, all of whom were prominent cattlemen or working for large cattle outfits * Fort D. A. Russell * BuffaloCasper, Douglass,SheridanCheyenne * Rev. W. J. McCullim * largest funeral procession ever seen in Johnson county * Dudly Champion * Mike Shonsy * the range about 20 miles north of Lusk *                          


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